Kidney disease presents many challenges to maintaining health. The major activities related to the disease are waste removal and avoidance of dietary intake of elements like potassium and phosphorous, which are no longer easily removed from the body.
The body needs to remove liquid waste and a person with kidney failure needs to utilize kidney dialysis to perform this task. Hemodialysis
is usually performed 3 days per week at a dialysis center and peritoneal dialysis
is performed daily at home.
Long term risks:
- high blood pressure
- phosphorous buildup which damages bones, and deposits calcium in vital organs.
- Excess potassium which damages the heart.
Restrictions on diet
- maximum 16 ozs of fluids per day because the kidney function is not there to remove it
- salt in order to manage blood pressure
- Foods containing phosporous and potassium
- dark colored soft drinks
- dark green leafy vegetables
- orange juice